Temple architecture

Archaeology, Fifth Dynasty Egyptian ‘Sun Temple’ Discovered – Egypt

(by Rodolfo Calò) (ANSAmed) – CAIROT, AUGUST 5 – One of the leaders of an ongoing Italian-Polish archaeological mission west of Cairo has provided new details to ANSA regarding the discovery of the remains of which is likely to be a fifth dynasty ‘sun temple’.

The Polish Academy’s head of mission, Massimiliano Nuzzolo, reported in a document for ANSA that the “remains of a building, probably one of the four lost solar temples of the kings of the Fifth Dynasty, dating from the middle of the 25th century BC, were unearthed in Abusir, in the governorate of Giza, only a few kilometers southwest of Cairo”, by a “joint mission of the University of Naples L’Orientale and the Polish Academy of science in Warsaw.

Nuzzolo provided details of the find, which was announced last weekend by Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities.

He also said that “the mission will soon complete its work, with the aim of fully unveiling the ancient temple.”

Among the items discovered were “several fragments of clay seals bearing royal names, including the enigmatic 5th Dynasty king Shepseskare, about whom we do not have much information,” Rosanna Pirelli said in the text. head of mission of the University of Naples L’Orientale. The find “could change our knowledge of the history of this king as well as the Fifth Dynasty in general,” the researcher said.

“The Temple of the Sun is a particular structure of ancient Egyptian architecture that differs from the classical patterns used for buildings of worship, which were characterized by gradual walkways that led into the most impenetrable darkness,” it was said. recalled.

“The Temple of the Sun was rather the obvious opposite; a shaded entrance led, through huge dark hinged passageways, to a sun-drenched sacred court. No burial took place here, only rituals in the honor of the sun god. The characteristic element of the temple of the sun is the obelisk, erected in the center of the courtyard of honor, in front of which was placed an altar for the offerings”, explains the document.

The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities said in a statement that the remains of the edifice are accessible through a monumental entrance built in limestone which leads to an area converted into a warehouse and a large courtyard to the west characterized by earthen paving and some large blocks of quartzite, with “smooth bands”, enclosed in the pavement of the solar temple of King Niuserre, the Italian statement also said the Italian statement.

The mission is funded by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (Maeci) and the Polish Ministry of Culture (Ncn), Nuzzolo said, adding that the website www.suntemplesproject.org can be consulted for further details. information. (ANS Amed).