Temple architecture

Boost for tourism in Turkey: the temple of Gobeklitepe receives a record number of visitors in 2021! What is special about this UNESCO heritage site?

The Turkish government, in a statement, said it expects that record to be broken in 2022.

Turkiye Tourism Gobeklitepe Temple: The nearly 12,000-year-old Gobeklitepe Temple in Turkiye recorded a record attendance of 5.67 lakh last year. The temple is one of the most important settlements of the Neolithic age across the world and has therefore been an interesting tourist destination for local and international visitors since its discovery. With the temple welcoming 5,67,453 visitors in 2021, the UNESCO World Heritage Site broke its previous visitor records even amid the pandemic. The Turkish government, in a statement, said it expects that record to be broken in 2022.

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The temple site is significant due to the fact that the finds it offered presented many new insights into the Neolithic age. Dating back to 9600 BCE, the temple site presented evidence that changed the way archaeologists and historians looked at hunters and gatherers. To put things into perspective, the site is thousands of years older than the invention of the wheel and writing, 7,100 years older than the pyramids of Egypt, and over 6,000 years older than Stonehenge.

However, the Gobeklitepe has T-shaped obelisks which are 5.5 meters high. This makes the site the first example of monumental architecture by man, depending on the country. These obelisks also have geometric shapes, animal motifs as well as mythological representations, indicating that the site had been used as a center of belief.

Another thing that makes the site interesting and appealing to visitors, especially those interested in human history and its origin, is the fact that the carvings on the obelisks were made at a time when metal tools were obviously not available. The obelisks are also important because, according to the discoveries made so far, they are the oldest sculptures in the world, as well as the oldest works of art in the history of mankind.

The site, which gives the earliest indications of humanity’s transition to colonization, has provided evidence that hunter-gatherer communities were in fact more advanced than previously thought. He demonstrated that Neolithic communities could form social organization for faith-related purposes.