Temple architecture

The Temple of Aphaia Will Be Illuminated Like Never Before – Greek City Times

A new luminous face will bring new life to the Temple of Aphaia in Aegina, as the necessary approval has been obtained by the competent Central Archaeological Council (KAS) for the study of its lighting.

The lighting of the temple, which dates back to the beginning of the 5th century BC. J.-C., after the battle of Salamis, aims to highlight the monument without other interventions likely to alter its character.

This will be the image of the Temple when its lighting design is complete.

Indeed, as the Minister of Culture and Sports Lina Mendoni pointed out, the lighting project for the Temple of Aphaia will be implemented on the model of the monuments of the Acropolis and the Ancient Agora of Athens.

“Not only is a constant and just demand from the people of Aegina being met, but also the need to showcase the ancient standing monuments in a scientifically and aesthetically correct way,” Mendoni said.

“The use of appropriate lighting enhances the experience of visiting the site for visitors, as it highlights the architectural structure of the Temple of Aphaia, the third dimension of the monument as a whole, but also the sculpture of its individual elements,” she noted. .

“As the intervention has a clearly developmental character, the project has been foreseen in the projects of the Ministry of Culture and Sports, which are financed by the Recovery Fund”, added the minister.

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For the lighting of the Temple of Aphaia, new technology luminaires with high chromatic yield, of the LED type, will be used.

They are autonomously adjustable luminaires at all levels, offering considerable flexibility to create different lighting scenarios, optimize uniformity levels and save energy.

The study was prepared under the self-supervision of the Ephoria of Antiquities of Piraeus and the Islands after its cession to the company “Eleftheria Deko & Associates”.

It takes into account the general principles of good and appropriate lighting of monuments and public spaces, as well as regulations.

The Temple of Aphaia is one of the most important and best preserved monuments in Greece.

It is the most important surviving monument of the Sanctuary, dedicated to Aphaia.

The temple was built around 500-490 BC. and is a Doric pavilion.

It is a crossroads for ancient Greek architecture as it has a colonnade of 12 columns on the long sides and six on the narrow sides, abandoning the elongated proportions of archaic temples.

The sculptures of the pediments draw their theme from the Trojan War, in which the Aeginian warriors and the descendants of the king of the island of Aiakos stood out.

The west pediment showed Agamemnon’s last expedition against Priam, in which three descendants of Aiakos, Ajax, Teukros and Achilles took part.

The west pediment reflects the aesthetics of the 6th century BC. BC, while the east pediment, more animated and less stylized, dates from the beginning of the 5th century BC.

The temple remained visible and imposing for many centuries after its abandonment. Architect CR Cocherell and his friend Baron von Hallerstein explored the site in 1811 and transported the pediment carvings to Italy.

In 1928 the sculptures were transported to Munich, where they remained.

This earlier Doric temple was built c. 570-560 BC and destroyed by fire in 510 BC.

During the construction of the new temple, the entire sanctuary was refurbished with new terraces, a stone enclosure wall and an imposing propylon on the south side, which contributed to its monumental appearance.

Outside the propylon was a series of buildings that served the needs of the sanctuary. However, the prosperity was not meant to last.

The importance and infrastructure of the sanctuary of Aphaia declined rapidly following the Athenian domination of Aegina from the middle of the 5th century BC.

Some repairs were made in the fourth century, but the third century was a time of decay and by the end of the second century BC the area was abandoned.

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